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Home > Learn about kidney disease > Kidney Failure > Kidney Failure Basics >

Cause, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Kidney Failure

2014-04-04 13:52

Kidney Failure means your kidneys fail to filter waste products from the blood adequately. It can be divided into Acute Kidney Failure which means kidneys stop working suddenly and Chronic Kidney Failure which caused by chronic diseases. Let’s learn cause, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment about kidney failure.

Cause

Kidney Failure is part or all kidney functions lost which caused by end-stage kidney diseases. All kinds of chronic kidney diseases can lead to renal function progressive subside and run to kidney failure finally. Chronic diseases which can cause chronic kidney failure mainly include: primary glomerulonephritis, Diabetic Nephropathy, Hypertensive Nephropathy, renal interstitium tubule nephropathy and Polycystic Kidney Disease.

Undeserved application of renal toxicity medicine will damage kidneys. Kidney failure happens when long-term damage accumulate to a certain degree. For example, if you take pain-killer which contains phenacetin for a long time, your kidneys will be damaged constantly which can leads to chronic interstitial nephritis and then progresses to kidney failure. In addition to this, gentamicin may cause kidney failure if you apply it improper.

Symptoms

Your kidneys remove waste products and help balance water and salt and other minerals in your blood. If your kidney can not work normally, waste products will build-up in your body and many symptoms will appear, such as weakness, shortness of breath, lethargy, and confusion. Too much potassium in the body may lead to abnormal heart rhythms and sudden death.

Diagnosis

Kidney failure is mainly determined by a decrease in glomerular filtration rate(GFR), the rate at which blood is filtered in the glomeruli of the kidney. So, blood tests measuring BUN, creatinine, and GFR are necessary.

Treatment

Treatment of the underlying cause of kidney failure may return kidney function to normal. You must attempt to control blood pressure and diabetes. This is the best way to prevent chronic kidney disease and its progression to kidney failure.

If the kidneys fail completely, the only treatment options available may be dialysis or transplant. If you want  to know some details, you can email us at sjzkidneyhospital@hotmail.com.

Any kidney problems? Please consult our online doctor. The satisfaction of patient is as high as 93%.

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