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Home > Learn about kidney disease > Chronic Kidney Disease > CKD Basics >

What are the Causes of Kidney Shrinkage

2016-02-24 16:17

What are the Causes of Kidney ShrinkageWhat are the causes of kidney shrinkage? Kidney shrinkage is one of the symptoms of kidney failure, but not all of the patients know it clear. Let us learn something about it together.

What is kidney shrinkage?

Kidney shrinkage (atrophic kidney or kidney shrinking) refers to the shrinkage in the size of one or both kidneys. Kidney size can reflect kidney function: larger or smaller than the normal kidney size indicates the dysfunction of kidney. When kidney begins to shrink, the disease may develop into renal insufficiency or uremia. In early stage, kidney shrinkage is asymptomatic. Only patients’ kidney function is below 50%, can patients feel some symptoms.

What are the causes of kidney shrinkage?

There are three common causes of kidney shrinkage: congenital renal dysplasia, end stage kidney disease and chronic pyelonephritis.

1.Congenital renal dysplasia

Due to obstacles of blood supply in embryonic period or other reasons, renal tissue can’t develop sufficiently. Hypogenetic kidney is less than 50% of the normal kidney size.

2.End stage kidney disease

When the disease develops into end stage kidney disease, serum creatinine and urea nitrogen usually reach a high level. Nephrons, the functional tissues of kidney, suffer damage. Kidney will shrink.

3.Chronic pyelonephritis

Pyelonephritis is due to obstruction of the urinary tract, which can cause elevated pressure on veins, arteries and tissues. The condition can cause severely damage to patients’ nephrons. Kidney will suffer damage and begin to shrink over time.

If you also want to know how to treat kidney shrinkage, do not hesitant to contact us by email, we will try our best to help you. Our email: sjzkidneyhospital@hotmail.com

Any kidney problems? Please consult our online doctor. The satisfaction of patient is as high as 93%.

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Tag: CKD Basics   Kidney Shrinkage   Causes of Kidney Shrinkage  
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